SEED QUALITY IMPROVEMENT TO APPROACH SUSTAINABLE YIELD OF FIELD CROPS BY VARIOUS PREPARATION TECHNIQUES: SEED PRIMING, TREATMENT AND INOCULATION_ A REVIEW
Journal: Plant Physiology and Soil Chemistry
Author: Sandesh Shrestha, Mamata Dhungana, Sansar Sahani, Babita Bhattarai
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The consistent seed germination, early seedling growth, and uniform plant stand are crucial stages in the growth of crops. Uneven seed germination and seedling growth are responsible for low crop output. Studies have shown that the potential of seed preparation before planting enhances the development of crop from germination to maturity. Seed preparation has become a trend and a part of farming as it improves vegetative and reproductive growth and ensures the quality and quantity of the yield. Therefore, quality of seed can be improved through various seed preparation technique. Seed preparation method includes: priming, treatment, inoculation, etc. and all of these have significant effect on agriculture. Priming is a controlled hydration of seed done to trigger a pre germination activities. There are various methods of priming such as hydropriming, osmopriming, halopriming, biopriming and hormonal priming. Seed are also inoculated with various microorganism to enhance the activities like biological nitrogen fixation. To prevent the seed borne diseases seeds are treated with various chemicals like fungicides, insecticides etc. This review paper discusses about the important of quality seed and different methods of seed preparation for planting and approaching yield sustainability.